The lens in your eye is responsible for focusing the light onto the retina in the back of the eye, just as a camera lens would focus light onto the film in a camera. Being diagnosed with cataracts means that your naturally clear lenses (behind the iris or colored part of your eye) have become opaque or hazy.
Glaucoma is a group of diseases in which progressive atrophy of the optic nerve leads to loss of vision. The optic nerve is responsible for transmitting visual information from the eye to the brain, and as it becomes damaged, vision is lost. The principal risk factor is eye pressure that is too high for the continued health of the optic nerve.
The cornea is the clear tissue on the front of the eye and is responsible for two-thirds of the focusing power of the eye. (The lens, where cataracts develop, does the other third of the focusing). Because the cornea does most of the focusing of light, changes in its shape or clarity can significantly impact the degree to which the light is clearly focused.
Oculoplastics (or oculoplastic surgery), include a wide variety of surgical procedures that deal with the orbit (eye socket), eyelids, tear ducts, and the face. It also deals with the reconstruction of the eye and associated structures.
Orbital diseases or deformities are related to the orbit or eye socket. At Ophthalmic Associates, we provide the sole specialization, in the region, for diagnosing and treating orbital disease, including providing eye socket reconstructive surgery.
Neuro-ophthalmology is concerned with the visual system and its relationship with the brain. As a practice, it treats a number of diseases or deformities related to the orbit (or eye socket), including reconstructive surgery.